Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Distinct Disorder:

  • While people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can have many of the same learning, attention, and social-emotional challenges as those with Learning Disabilities and ADHD, it is a distinct disorder.
  • ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder where persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction are evident. For example, some individuals with ASD may show a lack of interest in peers and/or struggle with the back-and-forth nature of conversations.
  • In addition, the individual must show restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests or activities. For example, some individuals with ASD struggle with deviating from a highly structured routine, experience sensitivities to sensory input, and/or have fixated interests.

ASD Diagnosis:

  • Some diagnoses that often co-occur for individuals with ASD include: Learning Disabilities, ADHD, Developmental Coordination Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, and Language Disorders. Anxiety and depression must also be monitored.
  • If the individual is struggling in social communication and social interactions but is not showing restricted and repetitive behaviour or interests, a diagnosis known as Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder may be considered.

Resources – For more information on ASD: